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Title: A Preliminary Report on the Experimental Study of the Two-pyroxene Andesite from Kuanyinshan, Northern Taiwan
Other Titles: 臺灣北部觀音山地區兩輝安山岩之初步實驗岩石學研究
Authors: 劉德慶
Teh-Ching Liu, Bore-Sing Chen, Jan-Jee Pan, Pei-Kai Chen, and Shan-Zon Wu
Issue Date: Oct-1997
Publisher: 國立臺灣師範大學研究發展處
Office of Research and Development
Abstract: 本校地球科學系新成立實驗岩石實驗室擁有一台高溫爐(溫度可高達1500℃)和活塞鋼筒高溫高壓儀一部(溫度可高達2200℃,壓力可達25千巴)。高溫爐爐內恆溫區大於10公分,本實驗室之一號R型熱電偶,其校正值為-21.2℃。高溫高壓儀用途很廣,可用來合成高溫環境下的礦物或材料,也可供研究材料在高溫高壓下的物理化學性質;在岩石學方面,由於它可提供地底下深至75公里、溫度高達2200℃的環境;很適合做岩漿成因的模擬試驗。臺灣北部觀音山下牛寮之兩輝安山岩初步研究顯示:其在一大氣壓、10千巴和20千巴下之液相溫度分別為1210℃、1250℃和1290℃,液相溫度在壓力每增加10千巴上升約40℃。近液相礦物在低壓範圍為鐵鈦氧化物和斜長石;及至高壓區域,則為斜長石。
The high temperature furnace and the high pressure high temperature piston-cylinder apparatus were set up in the experimental petrological laboratory of Department of Earth Sciences, National Tai-wan Normal University. The thermal gradient in the high temperature furnace is smaller than 1 °C per 10 cm in the uniform zone. The precisions for the pressure and temperature measurements of the pis-ton-cylinder apparatus are 0.3 kb and 5 °C , respectively. The thermocouple used in the present experi-ments was calibrated and the temperature correction is -21.2 °C . The liquidus temperatures of the Kuanyinshan andesite were determined to be 1210 °C , 1250 °C , and 1290 °C at the atmospheric pressure, 10 kbar and 20 kbar, respectively. Near-liquidus minerals at atmospheric pressure are iron-titanium ox-ides and plagioclase. Plagioclase, however, is the near-liquidus mineral at 10 kbar and 20 kbar. The slope of the liquidus curve of the andesitic melt is about 40 °C per 10 kbar.
Other Identifiers: 821AD180-D3F9-A2CD-532B-A2F82A8BD883
Appears in Collections:師大學報:數理與科技類

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