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Content Analysis of the Music Appreciation Teaching Materials in Junior High School Arts and Humanities Textbooks
music appreciation teaching materials
arts and humanities
The purpose of the study was to conduct a content analysis of the music appreciation teaching materials in junior high school Arts and Humanities textbooks. Four textbook versions used in 2007 school year , namely, Uchen, Nani, Kang Hsuan, and Han Lin, which were approved by the Ministry of Education, were included as research subjects. The research instruments were self-developed “Content Analysis Table for Music Appreciation Teaching Materials in Junior High School Arts and Humanities Textbooks.” Through a content analysis, the researcher attempted to study the teaching material proportion, content, and the repertoire of the music appreciation. According to the findings and discussions of the content analysis, the conclusions of this research were as follows: 1.Content analysis of the music appreciation teaching materials The music appreciation teaching materials of Uchen were high in picture proportion and were significant in a basic presentation of the repertoire, included an analysis of works and an introducation of musicians. The music appreciation teaching materials of Nani were based on a brief introduction of an analysis of works in the overall content. The music appreciation teaching materials of Kang Hsuan were numerous in score illustration. Kang Hsuan also showed a variety in utilizing assessments and repertoires. The music appreciation teaching materials of Han Lin appeared significant in introducing the historical background and cultural contexts, including a rich repertoire in Taiwanese and popular music. 2.Comparison of the music appreciation teaching materials In all four versions, the proportion of music appreciation materials which exceeds 50%, and the suggested teaching hours which exceed 40% , were the main content in music textbooks. The music appreciation materials proportion of Nani was the highest. The highest proportion in picture appeard in Uchen, and the highest proportion in score illustration was the Kang Hsuan version. Regarding the content of music appreciation materials, it was significant in the analysis of works. Supplementary materials were dominant in extended materials, personage introduction and musical terms. The explanation of teaching materials was significant in an analysis of works and an introduction of musicians. Assessments were mainly formative. The teaching approaches were basically introductory and thematic. The music appreciation repertoires were mostly original music, with an emphasis on Western classical music and instrumental music. Through a content analysis of the music appreciation teaching materials, the researcher found that the music appreciation materials were considered essential in junior high school arts and humanities textbooks. Therefore, music appreciation teaching was an important issue of music education in nowadays and the future.
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