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The Effects of Special Olympics Training on the Physical Fitness and Vocational Ability of the High School Students with Mental Retardation
Special Olympic training
The purpose of this study was to investigate the training effects of the special Olympic on the physical fitness and vocational ability of the students in the senior high school with mental retardation (MR). Forty students with MR who attended Special Olympic for 6 weeks of training were divided into seven training groups. The 6 weeks special Olympic training program consisted of 4 times a week, 50 minutes training each time. The pre and post test data of the Ministry of Education Physical Fitness Test Battery and the National Pei-Men high school of Vocational ability were collected, and the t-test and one way ANOVA was used to analyze and compare the differences of these variables. The results obtained from this research were followed: 1, the training intensities of the different items ranged from 60 to 85% Maximal heart rate: swimming>track and field>badminton>bowling>bocce>table tennis. 2, the physical fitness (sit and reach, one minute sit up, standing long jump, body mass index and 1600/800 meter run and walk) of each items were significantly improved after training (p<.05). 3, the 16 of the 32 items of vocational ability were significantly improved after training. The 6 weeks of Special Olympic training had positive effects of physical fitness and most of the items of vocational ability of senior high school students with MR.
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