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The Stress Sources of New Taipei City Schools Judo Coaches and Coping Strategies
As the time of sports in Taiwan has not been industrialized completely, judo coaches often have to wear many hats at the same time. It’s a long-term status that coaches under such a high pressure of body and mind, and it’s also a burden that coaches have to bear all the responsibilities. And there really are some necessaries to find out where the pressure sources are and what the coping strategies are to help the coaches to deal with their working pressure. The purpose of this study is to investigate the stress sources of New Taipei City school judo coaches and their coping strategies. With the point of views of the coaches themselves, the researcher wants to find out the reasons that cause New Taipei City school judo coaches working pressure, coping strategies, the processes of adaptation, and the external help. Qualitative research and in-depth interview were employed in this study. This study showed that all the interviewees were under some stresses including multiple roles between coaches and school administrators made them couldn’t focus on coaching athletes, working over time, the results of competitions departed from expectations.The stress sources of New Taipei City school judo coaches are setting self-goal too high, unfulfilled social expectation, and the grades of competitions and family responsibilities. The conclusion of this study were as follows: 1.New Taipei City school judo coaches are under stress because of three reasons. (a)The role of the coaches conflicted with that of the administrators.(b)Coaches’ professional capabilities had not been valued highly. (c)Coaches had not been supported and did not get enough consideration from school and family. 2. Coping strategies included self-transformed such as getting enough exercise and rest, looking for social resources, and making communications and coordination. Finally, the study makes the following recommendations: 1. Public servants’ minimum working hours per week must be considered suitable for the nature of the work. 2. It is better to strengthen social support to enhance the school judo coaches coping pressure 3. It is better to strengthen the incentives of the school judo coaches to achieve the purpose of motivating.
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