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The Analysis of Strategies for the First 3 Rank Women’s Taekwondo
，經統整記錄後的資料再進行量化處理與統計分析，統計分析是以卡方檢定來考驗不同量級與不同技術之間是否有所差異，若有差異則再進行事後比較，統計以SPSS 21.0版軟體進行統計分析，顯著水準訂為α = .05。研究所得之結果如下：(一)各量級皆為主動攻擊型態；攻擊腳依序為右前腳、左前腳、右後腳、最後為左後腳；成功得分率以下壓為最高13.00%。(二)不同量級選手在攻擊動作及攻擊腳使用有顯著性差異，全部選手皆以旋踢為主要攻擊技術，其次是側踩踢。旋踢攻擊數與得分數皆佔最高比例，為本次賽會主要攻擊技術動作。攻擊腳都是以前腳為最高。(三)各量級金牌選手攻擊型態皆為主動攻擊型態。攻擊動作的次數仍是以旋踢為最高其次是側踩踢。攻擊腳皆以右前腳及左前腳為主要攻擊腳。在攻擊方式皆以單擊中端攻擊為主，成功率以連擊成功率較高。本研究結果除了可了解目前社會女子組比賽中各項技術之運用外，更可以提供日後跆拳道技術訓練及比賽指導之參考，做為我國女子選手訓練的參考依據。|
The purpose of this study was to analyze the strategies for the final fours of the first 3 rank women’s Taekwondo Tournament in the 2013 National Athletic Games. The strategies were divided into attack styles, main attack techniques, active and passive attacks, score counts and successful rate. In every three-round game, it also had a comprehensive description about the attack counts, score counts and successful rate by the attack of active and passive, left foot and right foot, front foot and rear foot, and 8 attack actions. The video observational system was used to record attack techniques; the games were video-recorded during the matches for the analysis. All the variables were tested by χ2nonparametric statistical test and the post-hoc comparison werecalculated by SPSS 21.0, the significant levels as α= .05. The collected data were processed through quantitative analysis and the results are as followed：(1) The attack type of each rank was the active attack style. The frequently-used legs were in the order from front right, front left, rear right to rear left. The highest score successful rate was 13%. (2) There were significant differences in attack actions and frequently-used legs among the participants of different ranks. The round kick was the main attack technique to attack and score, and then the side kicks. The right foot had the highest attack count. (3) No difference was found in the gold medal winners’ attack styles, which were all active attacks. The timesof attack movements with the round kicks rated the highest, and then the side kicks. The single middle attack was performed as major attack type, and the turning kick had the highest successful rate。The findings of this study provided information to understand the strategic techniques appliedin the women's Taekwondo tournament. It could be used as a reference for the training of women athletes.
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