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Primary school students' critical thinking in tactical games
high level thinking
critical thinking ability
Within the increasingly complex and diverse society, it is crucial to develop students’critical thinking and problem solving competencies. The study aimed to investigate primary school students' critical thinking competencies in physical education class through a tactical approach for invasion games learning. Participants were 59 pupils(sixth grade, male=31, female=28). They were divided into experimental group (EG,n=30) and control group (CG, n=29). Pre-test and post-test were conducted through critical thinking ability questionnaires. During the learning cycle, 20 lessons were implemented by tactical approach. For 10 weeks a total of 10 (400 minutes) of the tactical game game mode and skills orientation ball teaching physical education, 10 classes per class for ten weeks. The two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) of mixed design was used to analyse and compare the scores of critical thinking competencies. In terms of EG, critical thinking behavior assessment observation form was also used to analyze the observational data. Results showed the process of group discussion with relation to critical thinking and the major deferences between EG and CG. The findings of this study were as follows: 1. Tactical game model strategy for the promotion of junior high school students in the "overall critical thinking", "deductive" ability to score has improved significantly.2. Tactical game mode strategy will be divided into red, purple, yellow, orange four groups, and the red team, purple team in the movement of critical thinking ability "deduction" capacity facets significant difference.3. Tactical game model strategy will help the junior high school students in the learning process, through peer group members interaction and discussion analysis run, help children in the critical thinking ability to show.
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