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Analysis and Application of Early Indian Buddhism Icon Take bodhi tree, Sakyamuni Buddha Image and Lotus Example
ancient IIndian Buddhism
no statues of the Buddha
Sakyamuni Buddha image
|Abstract:||世界四大宗教之一的佛教為釋迦牟尼佛( Śākya-mūni )於西元前528年於印度所創，印度佛教美術發展的轉變與宗教哲學思想的開展有著密切的關聯性，本研究探討古印度佛教無佛像時期象徵佛陀的菩提樹，與佛像時期釋迦牟尼佛之圖像意涵與造形變革，發覺此二種區間象徵圖像在古印度佛教歷史意義與發展所具有的開創性，是形成佛教象徵圖像的造形風格轉變之意義，蓮花在佛教是聖潔之花其與佛教藝術間的關係是值得探討。
Buddhism, one of the four major religions in the world, was founded by Sakyamuni Buddha in 528 B.C. The transition of. the development of Buddhist at and the concept of religious philosophy are closely connected. The research discusses the bodhi tree which symbolizes Buddha during the period of no Buddha statues as well as the meaning of the image of Sakyamuni Buddha. and the transformation of icons during the period of statues of the Buddha. It is found that the two distinctive representations are significantly the mark of the beginning in the.meaning.and development.of ancient Indian Buddhism history. It is the.meaning.behind the formation of the transformation in image and style of Buddism icon. Lotus is a sacred flower in Buddism.therefore. The relationship between lotus and Buddhist art is worth further discussing. The subjects of the research: discussion on the meaning of the iconsand their styles between the bodhi tree symbolizing Buddha during the period of no Buddhist statues, Sakyamuni Buddha during the period of Buddhist statues and lotus the significance of as purity in Buddhism. Through the progressive resulf of the research, the principle of function of represented Buddhist image and icons can be transformed into a source for reference fur cneation. The relevant results of research to the above-mentioned research can be catagorized as followed: 1. The bodhi tree, growing out of the ground and develop into another dimention, is from the essence of life. This vitality of extending into two dimentions at the same time is regarded as the expansion of universe lives by ancient Indians. Buddha became enlightened under the bodhi tree. “The bodhi tree” which is the image of life,is transformed into the representation of “ the tree of wisdom” of the Buddha. 2. When the image of Sakyamuni Buddha fist emerged,it was combined with the Buddha stories of “Phanigiri.”Eventually the image of Buddha appeared alone. It does not rely on the “Phanigiri” and stories as a combination.It is considered that followers’ faith in Buddha no longer requive any stories to reinforce the value of the Buddha as a teacher of the devas and centient being. Therefore, the independent image of Sakyamuni Buddha has indeed excelled beyond the meaning of “Phanigiri” 3. Lotus, one of the auspicious symbols that appeared at the birth of Sakyamuni Buddha, means purity. Lotus is often refevred as the Jewelled Lotus in the Sutras. Since lotus has the quality of being valuable and auspicious as symbols, it is presented in an elegant form from its flower, fruit, stem,and leaves. It bears the sense for decoration, therefore lotus decoration is often seen in Buddhism art.
|Appears in Collections:||學位論文|
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