基於深度學習與技術分析指標預測股市買賣點

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2023

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股票交易市場是由各種金融機構和投資者組成,用於買賣股票和其他金融產品的交易活動。市場的主要目的是提供一個公平、透明和有保障的交易環境,促進股票和其他金融產品的流通。而參與者包括投資者、證券公司、投資銀行、基金、保險公司、政府機構等。投資者可以通過股票交易市場進行交易,包括股票、債券、期貨等各種金融產品。證券公司、投資銀行等機構則負責為投資者提供證券交易相關的服務和產品。然而投資並不是穩賺不賠,以股票來說,其價值可能伴隨著公司業績表現、總體經濟變化,乃至各種政治因素而有波動。這代表著投資者必須去注意這些市場上的各種外在條件去對自己手中的投資標的去做調整,並無一精準的判斷條件。縱使在許多的外在條件影響之下,歷年仍有許多研究希望能藉由各種方式來判斷進場買進和獲利了結的方法甚至到未來股價的判斷。股票交易的獲利方式在於買進及賣出所產生的價差,但每個投資者所買進及賣出的位置不同,即代表各項因素不同,因此買的價格過高則會有套牢的風險,或者買進後遲遲沒有往上漲,因而賠上交易和時間成本。因此,如果可以藉由調整進出場條件及發動策略去預測未來走向,使我們可以更敏銳的判斷價格變化,就可以在價格即將變化時進場,並且賺取其中價差。在各種因素影響的情況之下,股票的進出場訊號可視為一非線性的時序訊號。而人工智慧在非線性模型的表現相當優秀,尤其是在處理大量複雜的數據時更顯突出。本論文希望配合著股票的技術分析及回測過的數據結合人工智慧達到預測未來買賣點位之目的,以強化並優化進出條件,進而增進投資報酬率。
The stock market is composed of various financial institutions and investors, used for buying and selling stocks and other financial products. The main purpose of the market is to provide a fair, transparent, and secure trading environment, promote the circulation of stocks and other financial products. Participants include investors, securities firms, investment banks, funds, insurance companies, government agencies, etc. Investors can trade through the stock trading market, including stocks, bonds, futures, and other financial products. Institutions such as securities firms and investment banks are responsible for providing securities trading-related services and products to investors.However, investing is not always profitable. For example, in the case of stocks, their value may fluctuate along with the company's performance, macroeconomic changes, and even political factors. This means that investors must pay attention to various external factors in the market and adjust their investment targets accordingly, but there is no precise judgment criteria. Despite the many external factors affecting the market, many studies over the years have hoped to find ways to determine when to buy in and take profit even to predict future stock prices. The profit model of stock trading lies in the price difference between buying and selling, but each investor's buying and selling position is different, which means that various factors are different. If the buying price is too high, there is a risk of being locked in, or the entry price may not respond, resulting in transaction and time costs. Therefore, if we can use strategies to adjust entry and exit conditions to predict future trends, we can make more accurate judgments about price changes and enter the market when the price is about to change, and profit from the price difference. Under the influence of various factors, the entry and exit signals of stocks can be seen as a non-linear signal. Artificial intelligence has shown outstanding performance in non-linear models, especially when dealing with large and complex data. This paper aims to combine technical analysis of stocks with backtested data and artificial intelligence to predict future buy and sell points, and to strengthen and optimize entry and exit conditions.

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機器學習, 人工智慧, 技術分析, Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, Technical Analysis

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