新竹地區居民體感溫度的識覺與衣著調適行為之研究

Abstract
本研究以行為地理的觀點,強調人地關係,研究人與天氣環境的互動關係。鑒於以往以日平均溫作為體感溫度的缺點,本研究採以不爽指數(Discomfort index)做為體感溫度,呈現新竹測站近30年來的時平均等溫線圖,可以清楚看出新竹平地四季晝夜的體感溫度的分布情形。並經由固定樣本的調查,分析新竹居民四季各體感受的體感溫度分布,界定出四季「舒適」的體感溫度分布:春季:約為20.7℃,夏季:25.6℃,秋季:24.6℃,冬季:17.8℃。再以隨機樣本調查居民對天氣的不同體感受的語彙反應,發現相同語言,四季代表的體感受並不同。並進一步以衣著絕緣值來分析居民衣著調適行為的差異;發現各體感受的衣著絕緣值的分布:冬季的衣著絕緣值在不同年齡層的差異變化最大,夏季最小,春、秋季的差異性中等。
This research in terms of behavior geography puts focus on man-land relationship and will study the interaction of man and climate environment .In view of the fact that formerly took the daily average temperature as sensible temperature shortcoming,this research takes the Discomfort index as sensible temperature to present the thermoisopleths of Hsin-Chu for the last 30 years,so that we can clearly to see the Hsin-Chu four seasons the sensible temperature distribution of every hour.Second,by way of the fixed sample investigation,analyzes the Hsin-Chu inhabitant four seasons various sensible temperature distribution and searches the sensible temperature of comfort in four seasons.This research finds that in spring the comfortable sensible temperature approximately is 20.7℃,summer is 25.6℃,autumn is 24.6℃,winter is 17.8℃. Third, this research investigates the inhabitant by the random sample to understand how the inhabitant use various vocabulary to respond to the different sensible temperature in different climate situation.Last,uses the clothing ensemble to analyze the inhabitant difference in clothing adjust behavior in different climate situation.This research discovers the difference in clothing ensemble .Winter the difference in clothing ensemble in different age level is biggest,summer is smallest ,spring and autumn is medium.
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Keywords
體感溫度, 識覺, 調適行為, 時平均等溫線圖, sensible temperature, perception, adjust behavior, thermoisopleths
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