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The Efficiency Model Construction for the Administration of Physical Education in Universities and Colleges of Taiwan
Purpose: To analyze the connotation and state of the efficiency of physical education administrative organization in universities and colleges, also, to test and verify the efficiency model of the physical education administration in universities and colleges. Methods: By the viewpoint of open system, the researcher used the integration model of organizational efficiency evaluation and Delphi's method to explore the connotation of the efficiency of school physical education administrative organization, and concluded the hypothesis model of the study. Practically, the researcher investigated members of all the one hundred and sixty universities and colleges in Taiwan through questionnaire. And the number of effective questionnaire was eight hundred and twenty. Structural Equation Model (SEM) was used to compute data. Results: 1. Sport facilities and environment, human resource, physical education founds, organizational structure, administrative leadership, organizational culture, organizational commitment, management of organizational conflict, teaching efficiency, working satisfaction, working efficiency and service quality were all important specificities and connotations of the efficiency of school physical education administrative organization. 2. After modifying, all the fit indexes of the hypothesis model were good except the RMR (root mean square residual). Main factors that influenced the organizational efficiency in universities and colleges were sport facilities and environment, human resource, physical education founds and administrative leadership was the intermediate factor of it. Conclusions: This result revealed that the fit degree between path diagram and collected data was perfect and the efficiency model of the physical education administration in universities and colleges was supported by statistics. Therefore, the administrators should reinforce the connection of variables and draft specific plans according to the results of path diagram that they could raise the efficiency and synergy of the organization.
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