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A Study of Taiwanese Female Teachers' Participation in Physical Education Workshops during the Japanese Colonial Period
This article focuses on the issue of Taiwanese female teachers' participation in physical education workshops for impriving the PE curriculum of elementary schools during the Japanese colonial period. The research shows that female teachers can be empowered by participating in such women's gymnastics workshops. However, it was not until the third decade of the Japanese colonial period in 1925 that the first workshop was launched. Within twenty years, more than 30 sessions were held (the number of workshops for both sexes was even more than that). This was because Japan had become active towards the PE as well as women's athletics sports. The contents of the workshops occasionally mixed with feminine subjects, such as tailoring or housework, etc. Each workshop lasted from one day to two weeks, and the scope varied. The workshop organizers invited the trainers from Japan and Taiwan, and all of them were Japanese. It showed that Taiwanese female PE teachers had higher dependency. As for the content of the PE curriculum, Taiwanese female PE teachers generally followed the education policy or standard curriculum. The dynamic changes of the PE subjects led the workshops into a wide range of training in motor skills and knowledge. However, the knowledge production from the workshops had become standard, and it might turn out to be an important tool to control PE curriculum. Hence, it is worth further exploring whether or not the function of the workshops were fully implemented in these Taiwanese female PE teachers' teaching at school, and what kind of local phenomena after adjustment had appeared.
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