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|Other Titles:||A Comparison of the Short-Term Memory Span for Words in Taiwan Sign Language and Manually Coded Chinese|
National Taiwan Normal University Department of Special Education
In Taiwan, Manually Coded Chinese (MCC) is the main teaching method in schools for the deaf, while Taiwanese Sign Language (TSL) is the natural language used in the deaf community. The purpose of this study was to compare the short-term memory span for words in TSL and MCC. The dependent variables in our two-way ANOVA analysis were morphology and the deaf and hearing subjects (signers). The morphology included TSL simple words, TSL compounds, MCC added pleonasms, and MCC concatenated words. The signers included deaf students, deaf adults, and hearing adults. The results showed that for both deaf students and deaf adults, the short-term memory span was shorter with the MCC added pleonasms and MCC concatenated words than with TSL simple words and TSL compounds. For hearing adults, this short-term memory span was shorter with MCC concatenated words than with TSL simple and compound words. Memory plays a key role in the cognitive process, so it was concluded that educators need to look more closely at the difficulties deaf students have in memorizing MCC words and reconsider the applicability of MCC to instruction.
|Appears in Collections:||特殊教育研究學刊|
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