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|Other Titles:||The Dilemma of the Two-Way Logistics on the New Research of Emporer Hsao-Wen’s Moving Luo-Yang City in Bei-Wei Dynasty|
National Taiwan Normal University Department of History
Relocating the capital to Loa-Yang City is not only based on the Emperor Hsao-Wen’s decision but also constructed on the actual conditions that the empire held. Before relocating the capital, Bei-Wei Dynasty’s capital had been at Pin City for nearly one hundred years. Due to the fact that Pin City was located in the area of Dai-Bei, the environmental endurance was weaker than Central China. However, because the nation strategic policies were mainly focused on the requirements for the north, the government chose to reclamation and transporting supplies for thousands of miles to persist Pin City as the capital by all costs. According to the historic facts, after Emperor Tai-Wu united mid-northern China and Emperor Hsien-Wen led troops into the area of Huai River, supply requirements from the south became more critical, especially when the situations were different from the north. Both the north and the south were storing army provisions to form a military base, which usually turned into an expensive warfare. Therefore, Bei-Wei Dynasty needed to deliver the supplies and transport it to the south. After controlling the area of Huai River, Emperor Hsien-Wen established a tax system that had significance about distribution of supplies, and it immediately responded to the latest situation of the two logistic lines, which were delivered to both the north and the south. The situation of the logistics at both sides greatly increased the pressure to Bei-Wei Dynasty of supplying materials. So during Emperor Hsien-Wen and Emperor Xiao-Wen, it could be said that the Bei-Wei Dynasty fell into a dilemma of logistic matters on both the north and the south sides. Under the dilemma, although Bei-Wei Dynasty attempted to alleviate the problem of supplies with various means, the pressure would not decrease if Ping City was still the capital and the north-south confrontation was not resolved. Moreover, the influence of enemy from the north declined while the enemy from the south grew str
|Appears in Collections:||史耘|
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