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Dune Degradation, Restoration and Sustainable Management at the Ilan Coast (I)
|Abstract:||宜蘭沙丘型海岸段，位於蘭陽平原的頭城到蘇澳之間，因為坡降平緩，沙灘寬廣， 再加上冬季盛行的強勁東北季節及蘭陽溪所提供的豐富沙源，因而有大規模的沙丘發 育。然而近年來由於蘭陽溪輸沙來源的減少，使得這段沙岸的供沙失衡，多處海灘正逐 漸縮小，甚而使許多沙丘在颱風事件中受到波浪的強烈侵蝕，形成沙丘侵蝕崖，崖面也 逐年崩滑後退。此外近年來因為人口及經濟的發展，對於土地的需求日殷，許多海岸天 然沙丘地也逐步被開發利用，部分沙丘脊被剷平，開闢成公路，而在沙丘脊中間的低窪 濕地，也被開闢為魚塭及養鴨場，甚至有工業區的開發，造成整個沙丘環境轉趨劣化， 破壞沙丘在海岸防禦中所扮演天然海堤功能，同時也破壞沙丘在生態棲地及地形景觀美 學的價值。像這種因為對於海岸動態環境特色無知所造成的不當規劃，可能對脆弱、敏 感的海岸沙丘環境造成致命的斲傷。不但生態機能盡失，沙丘自然的作用過程亦被阻 斷，致使沙丘地貌逐漸消失，連帶引起周遭的環境災害，危及附近居民生命財產的安全。 本研究擬將宜蘭沙丘型海岸各種環境如沙灘、沙丘、防風林、濕地等結合，透過對於環 境自然作用及生物多樣性的研究，共同討論海岸資源保育與土地利用永續經營管理的問題。|
The dune coast of Ilan extends from Touchern to Suao. With the help of abundant sand sources supplied from the Lanyang River and the strong northeastern winds blown onshore during winter, several rows of dunes were well-developed at the landward side of the gentle and wide beaches. These dunes act as a buffer to extreme waves and winds, as well as, provide habitats to plants and animals. In addition, the dunes shelter human communities on the land and assist in the retention of freshwater tables against saltwater intrusion. However, the beach/dune complex of Ilan may have been placed at risk of permanent deterioration because recent developments, both natural and artificial. Many beaches are narrowed; erosion dune scarps are formed; and the recession of dune scarp continued. This may be due to the great reduction of sediment supply from the Lanyang River that resulted from illegal, rampant sand mining during the last two decades. Dunes have been removed artificially for the construction of new roads or industrial parks. Low dune slacks are reclaimed as fish or duck breeding ponds. The continuous and increased intensity of human use has resulted in extensive and irreparable damages on the dunes ecologically and morphologically. The fragmented management shared by various state agencies and local governments may also cause the environmental degradation. Better understanding of the physical and ecological processes responsible for creating and maintaining coastal sand dunes becomes an urgent need in setting up the management principles for sustainable development. This integrated research project, through the establishment of a sustainability index table for the coastal dune system, will discuss and propose the appropriate and sustainable management strategies of maintaining both morphological stability and ecological diversity for the Ilan dune coast.
|Appears in Collections:||教師著作|
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