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Relation between Distributional Characteristics of Ethnic Groups and Division of Geo-historical Areas in Xinwu Area, Taoyuan County�
There are three ethnic groups, including Hakka, Southern Min, and the so-called "Half-Hohlo-Hakka" in the Xinwu area of Taoyuan County. The immigrants in the study area show strong spatial relation and blood relationship with the eastern Guangdong province where their ancestors came from. According to the data on ancestral homes, we can identify the dialect groups, and ascertain their spatial distribution in the Qing dynasty. In the study area, the Half-Hohlo-Hakka dialect groups mostly live in the northern of Shezih Creek, the Hakka group in the southern, and the Southern Min (belongs to Quanzhou vernacular) group live in the southwestern coastal zone. In the Qing dynasty, the Xinwu area belonged to two reclamation farm villages: the Daxichian farm village (大溪墘庄) located in the northern part of Shezih Creek, which was reclaimed by Guozhengyue (郭振岳墾號) and Jangshengben (姜勝本墾號) enterprises, and the Cuifeng farm village (萃豐庄) in the southern part of the creek administrated by the Xuxigong enterprise (徐熙拱墾號). In the course of history, the patterns of the spatial characteristics of ethnic groups were shaped by ethnic interaction. The Shezih Creek, the boundary of these two ethnic groups' reclamation, referred that the characteristics of the spatial distribution of ethnic groups in Xinwu area are closely linked to the dialect groups that had reclaimed the farm villages in the Qing dynasty.
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