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Some Directional Complements in the Potential Verb-Complement Construction of Zhuziyulei--Compared with Southern Min Dialect
The purpose of this paper is to analyze four directional complements of guo, qi, qu, lai in potential verb-complement structure of Zhuzi yulei. We look into their performance in potential construction based on their functions of directional complement, resultative complement and phase complement. According to the process of semantic bleaching, lai and qu have developed to the stage of dummy potential complement but the meanings of guo and qi are more concrete. The degree of their semantic bleaching can be arranged sequentially as qi＜guo＜lai＜qu. Although in Modern Southern Min we nearly doesn’t use the structure of “V de／bu C”（V得／不C）, we use the contraction of composite sentence - “V e/bue C”（V會／勿會C） instead. However, the above four directional verbs ,being complements of potential construction, have become plentiful based on the production of Modern Chinese.
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