Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/77345300/75454
Title: 戴震氣學論述的儒學重構
The Approach of Qi in Dai Zhen's Reconstruction of Confucianism
Authors: 國立臺灣師範大學國文學系
劉滄龍
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2008
Publisher: 國立臺灣師範大學國文學系
Abstract: 戴震在其主要著作《孟子字義疏證》中以氣學的進路重構了儒學,也改寫了孟子的身體觀。氣學進路的儒學重構預設了自然主義一元論的立場(理氣一本、性才同源),藉此反對程朱理氣二分的形上架構。戴震主張規範的必然性就在自然之中,他批評程朱「離人而空論夫理」,反對從超越而同一的理來說明規範的基礎。氣化的身體對戴震而言並非與精神相對反的概念,就像欲望未必與理性相對;氣化的身體本具必然的理則,欲望的合理表現便是理性。
Dai Zhen(戴震) reconstructs Confucianism with the approach of Qi(氣), in which Meng Zi’s(孟子) idea of body is renewed. His Qi-approach presupposes holistic naturalism, where Li(理) and Qi(氣) are inseparable, and deconstructs the metaphysical dichotomy in Neo-Confucianism of Cheng Yi(程頤) and Zhu Xi(朱熹). The notion of Li in Dai Zhen’s interpretation of Pre-Qin Confucianism is different from that in Cheng Yi and Zhu Xi, which represents a norm beyond human being. Dai Zhen claims that the necessity of norm is intrinsic to Nature; Li must not be detached from desire(欲). For Dai Zhen, Qi-body is not a concept opposed to spirit; in the same fashion desire is not against reason. Necessary principle exists in Qi-body by nature; hence the reasonable desire is just the reason itself.
URI: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/handle/77345300/75454
ISSN: 1019-6706
Other Identifiers: ntnulib_tp_B0140_01_001
Appears in Collections:教師著作

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