Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/77345300/6815
Title: 以葉綠體基因組之非密碼區及核核糖體DNA之序列探討臺灣地區鬼針草(Bidens Pilosa L.)之遺傳多樣性
Other Titles: The Genetic Diversity of Bidens Pilosa L. in Taiwan Analyzed by Chloroplast Noncoding and Nuclear rDNA Sequences
Authors: 蔡麗琴
廖培鈞
謝幸媚
李俊億
王震哲
Issue Date: Dec-2007
Publisher: 國立臺灣師範大學生命科學學系
Department of Life Science, NTNU
Abstract: 根據臺灣植物誌之記載鬼針草(Bidens pilosa L.)於臺灣地區共有三個變種,分別為大花咸豐草(B. pilosa var. radiata)、小白花鬼針(B. pilosa var. minor)及白花鬼針(B. pilosa var. pilosa)。本研究採集此三個變種共11個族群161株個體,加上7株當控制組的鬼針舅(Bidens biternata)共168個樣本,分別進行ITS1、 5.8S及ITS2等三個細胞核核糖體DNA (nrDNA)的基因位與trnL intron及trnL-trnF IGS等兩個葉綠體(cpDNA)的基因位之序列分析,將nrDNA之三個基因位及cpDNA之兩個基因位之序列分別合併再進行排比後其序列長度分別為637及799 bp,本研究即以此排比後之nrDNA及cpDNA序列進行此三個變種間、變種內、族群間及族群內等不同階層之遺傳多樣性及基因交流之探討。根據核苷酸變異位點(S)、序列型(H)、基因型歧異度(gene diversity,Hd)、核苷酸歧異度(nucleotide diversity,π)、遺傳歧異度(genetic diversity,θ)等相關指數顯示nrDNA其遺傳多樣性均遠高於cpDNA。至於族群內及變種內之遺傳分化程度(FST)為大花咸豐草<小白花鬼針<白花鬼針,而基因交流值(Nm)則反之(大花咸豐草>小白花鬼針>白花鬼針)。AMOVA分析之結果顯示Bidens pilosa遺傳變異的主要貢獻為族群內個體間的變異,於nrDNA及cpDNA均佔50 %以上,其次則為變種間及變種內族群間的遺傳變異所致。大花咸豐草與其他兩變種間的基因交流程度遠低於白花鬼針與小白花鬼針之間的基因交流值,極可能較早歸化的白花鬼針與小白花鬼針間已出現明顯的雜交現象,至於較晚歸化的大花咸豐草與此二變種間的雜交現象則可能尚不明顯。
According to the Flora of Taiwan, there are three varieties of Bidens pilosa L. They are var. radiata, var. minor and var. pilosa. To discover the genetic diversity and gene flow in different hierarchy (inter-varieties, intra-varieties, inter-populations and intra-populations) in these varieties, this study investigated 161 samples from these varieties comprising 11 different populations and 7 samples of Bidens biternata for out-group control. The internal transcribed spacer (ITS1 and ITS2) and the 5.8S of nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA), trnL intron and trnL-trnF IGS loci of the chloroplast genome were amplified and sequenced in all samples. For further analysis, the sequences of ITS1, ITS2 and 5.8S were combined and aligned as nrDNA sequence which covered 637 bp. And the sequences of trnL intron and trnL-trnF IGS were combined as cpDNA with 799 bp alignment. It showed that the genetic diversity of nrDNA sequence was higher than that of cpDNA from the data of the number of polymorphic sites (S), number of haplotypes (H), gene diversity (Hd), nucleotide diversity (π) and genetic diversity (θ). The genetic distances (FST) of intra-populations and intra-varieties was with the following order, var. radiata < var. minor < var. pilosa, and the gene flow (Nm) has shown var. radiata > var. minor > var. pilosa. From the results of the analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA), there are more than 50 % variance contributed by the variance of "within populations" in the loci of nrDNA and cpDNA. The rest were contributed by the variance of "among varieties" and "among populations within varieties". The gene flow between var. radiata and var. minor or var. pilosa showed lower than those between var. minor and var. pilosa, it indicated the significant hybridization phenomenon between var. minor and var. pilosa which naturalized earlier than var. radiata.
URI: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw//handle/77345300/6815
Other Identifiers: 3EA9020F-B9E6-4958-BF0C-830EABE23B29
Appears in Collections:生物學報

Files in This Item:
File SizeFormat 
ntnulib_ja_C0401_4202_089.pdf518.13 kBAdobe PDFView/Open


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.