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|Other Titles:||The Parafoveal Preview Benefits of Chinese Orthography and Phonology among Deaf Readers with High Reading Abilities|
National Taiwan Normal University Department of Special Education
Deaf people frequently have poor reading skills. This study consisted of deaf people with high reading abilities with Chinese oral training (DO) and non-oral training (DnO), and investigated orthographic and phonological preview benefits while reading Chinese. The dissociation of orthography and phonology in Chinese characters provides auseful tool to examine phonological processing in deaf people. This study used a boundary and display change technique (Rayner, 1975) in which a preview word was replaced by a target word when the reader’s eyes crossed an invisible boundary. We hypothesized that, if readers obtain partial lexical information from a preview word in the parafoveal area, they acquire preview benefits when fixing the target word. Methods: This study recruited 30 hearing-enabled students, 28 DO participants, and 19 DnO participants. This experiment manipulated the orthography and phonology similarities between the target and preview words. The experiment contained 60 reasonable sentences (preview words),20 identical reasonable sentences (unchanged words), and 40 unreasonable sentences (unchanged words). Each sentence was composed of 14 to 20 Chinese characters, and the target words were located between the third and eighth characters. The participants had to decide whether a sentence was reasonable (yes response) or unreasonable (no response) based on their comprehension of the entire sentence. Findings: By considering the previous fixation location, preview benefits for orthography were located in first fixation duration (FFD), gaze duration (GD), and total viewing duration (TVD) for both the hearingenabled and DO participants, and in the TVD for the DnO group. The phonological effects were shown in FFD and GD for the hearing-enabled participants and in the GD for the DO group, but not for the DnO group. Considering the possibility of an enhanced perceptual span for deaf readers, the pre-fixation locations were divided into near and far fixations. The re
|Appears in Collections:||特殊教育研究學刊|
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