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|Title:||Quantitative Relations of Acoustic Inertial Cavitation with Sonoporation and Cell Viability|
|Abstract:||Ultrasound-induced acoustic cavitation assists gene delivery, possibly by increasing the permeability of the cell membranes. How the cavitation dose is related to the sonoporation rate and the cell viability is still unknown and so this in vitro study quantitatively investigated the effects of cavitation induced by 1-MHz pulsed ultrasound waves and the contrast agent Levovist (containing microbubbles when reconstituted by adding saline and shaken) on the delivery of short DNA-FITC molecules into HeLa cells. The concentrations of cells and DNA-FITC were 2 x 10(5) cells/mL and 40 microg/mL, respectively. The cavitation was quantified as the inertial cavitation dose (ICD), corresponding to the spectral broadband signal enhancement during microbubble destruction. The relations of ICD with sonoporation and cell viability were examined for various acoustic pressures (0.48-1.32 MPa), Levovist concentrations (1.12 x 10(5)-1.12 x 10(7) bubbles/mL) and pulse durations (1-10 cycles). The linear regressions of the sonoporation rate versus ICD and the cell viability versus ICD were y = 28.67x + 10.71 (R(2) = 0.95) and z = -62.83x + 91.18 (R(2) = 0.84), respectively, where x is ICD, y is the sonoporation rate and z is the cell viability. These results show that the sonoporation rate and the cell viability are highly correlated with the ICD, indicating that sonoporation results may be potentially predicted using ICD.|
|Appears in Collections:||教師著作|
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