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Elite Selection under Party-State System
A Comparative Study of Kmt and Ccp
Applying the approach of the most similar case design, this research project attempts to identify the similarities and differences between the CCP and the KMT (during the martial law period) regarding elite selection. In essence, the project purports to explore the nature of CCP’s post-totalitarian regime, by comparing it to an authoritarian regime with similar party-state system. Although the two parties are both referred to as Leninist parties, the project argues that there exist two vital differences in their party-state systems that distinguish the post-totalitarian and the authoritarian regime. First, in terms of internal organization, the degrees of organizational capacity to penetrate various levels of government and society differ between the CCP and the KMT because of the nature of different regimes. Second, with regard to the external environment, compared to the CCP, the KMT had to deal with the dilemma of whether to recruit new members directly from local elites in Taiwan. It means that the CCP could gradually renew their cadres, but the KMT had to immediately advance some local elites so as to maintain its ruling in Taiwan. These two differences have shaped the different evolution paths of the two party-state systems, as well as their fates.
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