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Title: 以生活技能為基礎之11-12歲年齡群藥物濫用防制教具、教材之研發、推廣與追蹤
Development,promotion and follow up of an life skill-based preventive curriculum of drug abuse for 11-12 years children
Authors: 國立臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系
Issue Date: 2012
Abstract: 教育部校安中心調查發現,年齡介於12-17歲的青少年施用各級毒品歷年通報件數有逐年升高的趨勢,且初次接觸毒品的年齡亦有年輕化的趨勢,在2009年間曾發現小六學生集體吸K的案例,2009年內政部內政統計年報中,刑事案件嫌疑犯人數違反毒品危害防制條例者共47,400件,年齡區間介6-11歲之間有2件,為歷年來最低的年齡層,顯示國內藥物濫用的年齡層開始有下降趨勢。國外研究亦指出物質使用防制應從學生開始接觸及使用物質前(即國小階段)開始努力進行預防工作(Donovan, 2007; Pasch, Perry, Stigler,& Komro, 2008),因此,有必要將藥物濫用防制觀念的宣導,由中學生往下擴展,預防藥物濫用情形的發生。然而藥物濫用防制需以實際演練與生活情境實際連結的方式來教導學生,融入生活技能之教材運用,在促進健康行為的研究,於國內外均發現多能收其成效,例如幫助青少年設定目標、解決問題與建立社會支持的生活技能,青少年亦表示確有其正向效果,因此本研究將擴展以往的相關研究,針對11-12歲族群發展融入生活技能之教材與介入計畫。 本研究計畫期程預計為一年, 101年上半年為發展主教學課程教材與教具及進行某縣市4所國民小學之4節主教學課程介入,下半年為發展追加教學課程教材與教具,上半年某縣市4所國民小學繼續進行2節追加教學課程介入。藉由本研究計畫瞭解此課程教材與教具之介入成效及追加教學之再介入成效。本研究將使用GLMM、paired t test、ANCOVA等進行成效分析。 本研究團隊將在計畫推廣過程中,將與種子教師進行多次溝通、輔導,以瞭解計畫執行狀況。期望能透過此計畫教材與教具之推廣,結合中央、地方政府、學校以及學術單位,齊心建立起完整的國小高年級藥物濫用防制網絡,並落實11-12歲年齡群的藥物濫用防制工作
According to the survey findings of the Campus Security Report Center the Ministry of Education, numbers of drug abuse adolescents aged between 12 to 17 are increasing gradually over several years. Prevention efforts, therefore, should begin in elementary grades before students begin using substances use.Didactic teaching strategy was still one of the most frequently used way for preventive education of drug abuse. Few chances were provided for students to skill practice and contents designed were lack of connection to real life circumstance. Life skills have been supported to be effective on promoting adolescents’ abilities of goal setting, problem solving, and building social skills. Thus we incorporate life skills into the intervention program. This is a one-year intervention program. In the first half of year, a four-week course of drug prevention will be developed and implemented at the schools in Taipei city. In the next half of year, a two-week booster education module will be designed and conducted at the schools which participated in drug abuse prevention program previously. The immediate and delayed effectiveness of the program will be evaluated by long term follow up. GLMM、paired t test、ANCOVA will be applied to estimated the effectiveness of prevention program. The program implementation will mobilize resources from central and local governments and construct a drug abuse preventive network through the cooperation of schools and academic organizations, in order to promote the prevention of drug abuse among 11-12 year children.
Other Identifiers: ntnulib_tp_A0608_04_010
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