Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/77345300/40284
Title: 臺北市計程車司機對無菸計程車政策支持度及其菸害知識、態度與拒菸行為之研究
Authors: 國立臺灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系
蔡宜螢
吳憲林
沈思瑩
郭鐘隆
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2011
Publisher: 臺北市健康生活與成功老化學會
Abstract: 本研究目的為瞭解計程車駕駛員對於『車內禁菸政策』之支持度及相關影響因素。方法:本研究採問卷調查法,以參加自主管理認證之台北市計程車車行之所屬駕駛員為研究對象,進行隨機抽樣共352人,其中有效問卷為335份,回收率95.2%。結果:菸害知識方面,其各題答對率介於65.9%~94.3%;菸害態度方面,介於「中立意見」及「同意」之間;拒菸行為方面,高達87.0%的受測者在車內完全不吸菸,且多數的受測者認為計程車應該要禁菸的理由為「影響健康」。推動無菸計程車政策之支持度,有高達79.9%的受測者表示同意,而政策支持度和菸害知識、菸害態度呈顯著正相關。年齡越大,菸害態度越正向且不吸菸者及周遭吸菸人數愈少者,其菸害知識、態度與拒菸行為皆較好。結論:計程車駕駛員對於無菸計程車政策的支持度高達八成,且菸害知識得分越高、菸害態度越正向,其政策支持度越高,但政策支持度與拒菸行為仍有待進一步探討。而計程車駕駛員會因個人不吸菸、菸齡為0年及周遭吸菸人數少於10人而造成其菸害知識、態度及拒菸行為之表現較佳。因此,在台北市推動無菸計程車政策之可行性高,建議推動時應注意可再加強計程車駕駛員的菸害知識、態度,以提高政策支持度。而幫助計程車司機戒菸與營造周遭人士不吸菸的環境,可以改善其菸害知識、態度及拒菸行為之表現。
This study was designed to explore taxi drivers' perspectives of the smoke-free taxi policy and to examine influencing factors for implementing smoke-free taxi. Method: A survey was conducted by the structured questionnaire. We randomly selected 352 taxi drivers. A total of 335 taxi drivers completed the questionnaire. Result: Results showed that approximately 80% taxi drivers were supportive of the smoke-free taxi which was related to their smoking-related knowledge, attitude and anti-smoking practices. In addition, smoking-related knowledge, attitude and anti-smoking practices were associated with smoking years, quantity of smoking and smoking people around taxi drivers, respectively. Conclusion: According to this research, promoting smoke-free taxi policy is available. With increasing taxi drivers' support for the smoke-free taxi, we suggest enhancing their smoking-related knowledge, attitude, anti-smoking practices and smoking-related factors.
URI: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/handle/77345300/40284
ISSN: 2076-5495
Other Identifiers: ntnulib_tp_A0608_01_041
Appears in Collections:教師著作

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