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A Study on the Beliefs on Myopia Prevention and Related Teaching Behaviors of the Elementary School Teachers in Taipei County, Taiwan
This study examined the beliefs on student myopia prevention and related teaching behaviors of the elementary school teachers in Taipei County, Taiwan. The subjects comprised of all the teachers from two elementary schools chosen with judgment sampling. And 249 effective questionnaires were analyzed. The major findings are as follows: 1. The overall level of the subjects' beliefs on myopia prevention was somewhere between "agree" and "very agree". Yet, they performed less well on the understandings of "the causes of myopia". 2. Most of the myopia prevention teaching behaviors fell between "often do" and "always do", which was also above average. The differences in "age", "seniority", "assignment", "marital status" and "parentage" showed significant correlations with the teaching behaviors; the more, the better. 3. All of the subjects' beliefs on student myopia prevention were positively and significantly correlated with their teaching behaviors. 4. Subjects who graduated from normal colleges, universities or graduate schools had better "beliefs on student myopia prevention". Generally, the older subjects, the classroom teachers, the near-sighted and the ones who have higher myopia prevention beliefs performed better on "myopia prevention teaching behaviors". In order to improve the implementation on student myopia prevention by elementary school teachers, some recommendations for the future educational administration and research were provided.
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