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CAI-based Substance Prevention Intervention for High-Risk Adolescents�
The purposes of this study were to develop the CAI-based substance prevention curriculum for high-risk adolescents and to evaluate the effects of the intervention on the knowledge, attitudes, self-efficacy, behavioral intention and refusal skills regarding substance abuse. The quasi-experimental method was used to design the study. Pre-test and post-test were used to collect data from both the experiment group and control group. The subjects of the study included sixteen junior high school high-risk students(eight students in the experiment group and eight students in the control group)in Taipei County. The students of the experiment group participated in the CAI-based substance prevention curriculum. The pre-test was administered before the intervention, with the post-test after the intervention. The data collected was analyzed by the Wilcoxon Mann-Whitney Test and Wilcoxon Signed-Rank Test. The results were below: 1. The intervention had shown a positive effect on the knowledge of substance abuse and the self-efficacy to refuse the substance among the high-risk youth. 2. The intervention had not shown a positive effect on the attitudes toward substance, behavioral intention, and refusal skills among the high-risk youth. 3. More than 70% of the students in the experiment group like the CAI-based substance prevention curriculum; 70% of the students believed the program was useful; more than 80% of the students were willing to use refusal skills to reject addictive substances; over 60% of the students believed that the content, design, animation, and graphs of the computer programs could assist them to understand the information of addictive substances, and over 80% of the students were interested in the prevention curriculum. According to the result of this study, it is suggested that CAI-based club-drug prevention curriculum should be developed to help high-risk adolescents to refuse drugs. Also, it is suggested that the prevention curriculum should be well designed to be attractive to the youth.
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