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The Determinant Factos of the Adolescent Pedestrians Crossing the Traffic Roads�
The adolescent pedestrian injuries, second to the motor vehicle injuries, are one of the major traffic-related injuries. However, most of the pedestrian injuries result from their crossing the traffic roads instedad of crosswalks. Under the environments of motorists not yielding to pedestrians, it is available for us to lower the rates of the pedestrian injuries by reducing the adolescent pedestrians crossing the traffic roads. Hence, the major purpose of the study is to explore the determinant factors of the adolescent pedestrian crossing traffic roads in the framework of the theory of planned behavior. In the two-wave prospective follow-up study design, the 1,090 junior high school students are randomly sampled via the multi-stage stratified cluster sampling method, and three major statistical methods (covariance structural analysis, one-way multivariate analysis of variance, and simultaneous confidence interval) are chosen to answer the problems proposed before. There are three important findings. It is very adequate for the theory of planned behavior to explore the determinant factors of the adolescent pedestrian crossing traffic roads, and both of their predictive powers on the behavioral intention and behavior are high. The influence of the perceived behavioral control upon the behavioral intention is greater than that of the attitude toward the behavior, however, there is not any influence of the subjective norm upon the behavioral intention. Again, the influence of the behavioral intention upon the behavior is greater than that of the perceived behavioral control. In the future, the contents of the adolescent pedestrian safety program may adapt their determinant salient beliefs in the adolescent pedestrian crossing the traffic roads, especially the promoters in the control beliefs, exactly because three major components of the theory are closely related with their corresponding determinant salient beliefs, respectively.
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