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|Publisher:||臺北市 ： 國立臺灣師範大學衛生教育學系 衛生教育研究所|
Myopia and lacking for exercise and two of the most serious health problems of elementary school students school students in Taiwan. The purpose of this study was to find out the influence of the family factors and academic performance on visual care and exercise behavior of the third to sixth graders of elementary school. A self-designed questionnaire was evaluated and tested by experts thoroughly and completed by 4826 third to sixth graders during the period form September to November 2002. The result showed that visual care and exercise behavior are positively related. The predictive factors towards visual care were: self-rated academic scores of students, their anticipation of academic performance, the health behavior of the parents and their encouragement of the performance of children. The predictive factors of exercise behavior of the students were: self-rated academic scores, anticipation of academic performance, exercise behavior of the parents and encouragement towards children. Based on the results, the educators should make an effort to improve the visual care and exercise behavior of the students. The students should be encouraged to take a rest after watching TV and to exercise between classes. Besides, the female students should be encouraged to do more exercise and the male students to do more visual care behavior. Moreover, we should raise the awareness of the importance of visual care and exercise behaviors for the parents. They should not only encourage the healthy behavior of children but also act as a good role model.
|Appears in Collections:||教師著作|
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