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The purpose of this study was to examine the outcomes of school sexuality education in Taiwan. This project on sexuality education was commissioned by the Ministry of Education in 2008. Data used in the analysis were obtained from a cross-sectional survey on the outcomes of sexuality education in the elementary, junior high and senior high schools in Taiwan. By using a stratified cluster sampling method, 2,449 graduates of elementary schools, 2,627 of junior high schools, and 2,258 3(superscript rd) year students of senior high and vocational schools were the subjects.� The major findings of this study were as follows: 1. The teaching of sexuality education in the classroom in junior and senior high schools stressed more on traditional disease prevention than the students' needs for sex, love, mate selection and marriage. And the teacher-student interaction was not frequent. In general, sexuality education during junior high school has received the lowest satisfaction. 2. The students' sex knowledge learned in school was not good enough. In terms of sex attitude, the students' acceptance of issues on AIDS and homosexuals as well as that of premarital sexual behavior increase among higher graders. However, the confidence to carry out skills, "refusal and self-control" and "self-protection and seeking for help" decreases among higher graders. 3. More than 24% of elementary graduates had had love experience, and more than half of the 3(superscript rd) year senior and vocational students did, too. In addition, 5% of junior high graduates and 10% senior high and vocational students respectively had premarital sexual behavior, and about 20% of the students at both levels had established romantic relationship on the internet. 4. The more detailed sexuality education was taught in school, better teaching skills the teachers possess, and higher satisfaction with sexuality education the students had, the better sex knowledge, more positive sexual attitude and better performance of related life skills the students will have. Some concrete suggestions on carrying out the current school sexuality education were given in this study according to the above findings.
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