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A Study on the Acceptance of Independent Chinese Travelers and its Implications for Cross-Strait Relations
In 1983, Mainland China started to allow its citizens to travel abroad； however, the travelers were required to join in group tours. It was not until 2003 that the self-guided tour to Hong Kong and Macau was initiated. In 2009, the self-guided tour to Japan was opened up, and that to Taiwan began in 2011. The opening model of self-guided tours meets the needs of Mainland Chinese citizens for global travelling. To Mainland China, it offers economic incentives to other countries； to the destination countries, the model would bring external benefits and multiplier effect. Mainland China’s approval of outbound self-guided tours is based on two reasons: one is that the political and economic concerns in the past have been reduced, and the other is that China intends to expand its external politics. The implementation of the outbound self-guided tour is both beneficial and detrimental to Hong Kong and Macau； however, it has not brought any significant economic benefits to Taiwan and Japan.
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