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Integrating Formative Assessment, Problem Solving and Conceptual Change in Simulation-Based Learning Environment
Although the e-learning applications are becoming more numerous day by day, however, studies on how online learning improves learning performance have produced diverse results. The e-learning environment still encounters the obstacles about cognition overload, disorientation, etc. It’s hard to generate overall improvement of the obstacles. Therefore, we need to draw up resolutions of different learning problem, and apply resolutions in action. It could provide the appropriate feedback for learners based on different learning situation unceasingly by the way of formative assessment activities, and helping learners to monitor and evaluate their own learning process. Therefore, it can keep off the learning problem about cognition overload and disorientation. But the most important issue is that the feedback information should have facilitated high-level thinking and reflection for the learners, and helping them to discover the direction of learning process and clarify the misunderstanding. Otherwise, formative assessment may give rise to the problem about surface mastery. Therefore, we have to intensify the nature of context awareness by incorporating problem solving strategy, and providing external representation through the computer simulation software as the feedback information. The cognitive awareness can be enhanced if an e-learning environment promotes learner interactions and gives them opportunities for manipulation and observation. Additionally, we apply the conceptual change teaching strategy aimed at helping learners to understand the nature of the complicated abstract concepts, thereby facilitating cognitive reflection and integration of the relevant abstract concepts. This research has attempted to integrate different teaching and learning strategies and implement simulation-based learning software. For this study we construct the simulation-based learning model and improve formative assessment strategy in the e-learning environment, and also investigate the effectiveness and limitation of the learning model in both qualitative and quantitative perspectives.
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