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Enhancing Junior High School Teachers'Computer Proficiency (III)
The purpose of this three-year project was to enhance junior high hers' computer proficiency via IT-incorporated approach. For the Chinese teachers' ICT competency, 67 training units for Chinese teachers were developed, from which we selected eight units for training material development. Field test of these units revealed that most participating teachers considered our training material well designed and useful. For the English teachers' ICT competency, we proposed a subject-specific authoring tool based ICT training model and two case studies were conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of the proposed training model. The training model emphasizes minimalism theory of training computer skills while keeping the training focused on subject-teacher's instructional needs. For the Social Studies' teachers'ICT competency, we evaluated the effectiveness of a material development approach for teacher training, and investigated the relationship between teacher's beliefs and teaching with ICT. The results revealed that the material development approach improved teachers'computer proficiency, and the perceived self-efficacy about using ICT in instruction of the teachers was gradually established through the process of realizing ICT integration. In addition, the way the teachers use ICT was affected by their beliefs in instruction. Finally, ICT helped the teachers realize instruction that they considered impossible in the past.For the Art teachers' ICT competency, we collaborated with one junior high school art teacher to experiment the possible ways of incorporating ICT into her classes. Two unit plans and their related learning materials were developed. And one web-based teaching tool was designed and implemented to support her teaching. Data were collected via videotaping, interviewing, web site developing, and questionnaire surveying. This study revealed that a personalized teaching tool for a teacher is necessary. And the researcher-teacher cooperative approach is one of the possible ways for promoting ICT integration in schools.
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