Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/77345300/32662
Title: 公民與民主鞏固:臺灣、東亞與全球比較分析-從現代化理論探究民主鞏固
The Study of Democratic Consolidation from the Perspective of Modernization Theory
Authors: 國立臺灣師範大學東亞學系
田正利
Issue Date: 2011
Abstract: 本計畫主要欲探討臺灣及東亞各國之現代化與民主化之關係,並藉由跨國性之比較與分析,希冀藉此可以更加瞭解在「現代化理論」下,經濟發展有助於民主之觀點,並藉由實證資料,對一國之經濟發展、社會發展與民主鞏固之間作有意義之驗證與詮釋,並進而解決現代化與民主化之間所存在諸多議題,尤其是在不同的政治結構下(例如liberal democracy、illiberal democracy、electoral authoritarianism 以及 one-party authoritarianism),是否一國之經濟發展、社會發展與民主鞏固之間的關係會因而有所不同。尤其是過去數十年來,臺灣在經濟、社會與民主發展之間的互動,或許並非是西方理論所能完全解釋,然而臺灣在追求社經發展與民主化的過程當中所展現之臺灣經驗,應可做為東亞他國發展之參考,也因此此研究不但將從探討臺灣經驗出發來探討經濟發展、社會發展與民主鞏固之間的關係,再擴展至區域與全球的角度,更全面性的探討在「現代化理論」下,經濟發展有助於民主之觀點,並藉由長時期及跨國比較分析,結合不同資料庫之加值運用,藉此探討臺灣經濟發展、社會發展與民主發展經驗之特色外,並進而建構適合於臺灣以及東亞之理論及應用,以期與西方既有理論對話,在經濟發展、社會發展與民主發展之東西方經驗上創造新價值。因此本計畫執行後,對於與此研究主題相關之領域,將有實務上及學術上的實質助益與影響,特別是對於臺灣現代化與民主化經驗之瞭解,更有其加值效果,並進而作為他國發展經驗之典範。 因此,本研究屬於跨國性之區域研究,研究對象主要為東亞國家,包括臺灣、韓國、中國、新加坡等國,並透過比較分析與統計方法,驗證基於現代化理論所發展出的假說,然而,取決於現有資料庫資料之完整性與年代之一致性,以求嚴謹及完整之比較基準,最終研究對象將是在同一年度調查,且具有完整調查資料與結果之國家。此外,為達成此計劃之目標,即透過長時期或跨國比較分析研究,或結合不同資料庫,進行加值應用分析,以詮釋臺灣社經發展之特色,並藉此建構本土社會科學理論,進而與西方既有理論對話,除了解決本土相關議題外,更期做為「東亞發展經驗」之典範,因此本研究將以三年三期的規劃分階段來完成其研究目的。 本計畫預期效益如下: (1)本計畫規劃三年時間,藉由質化與量化之分析,在本計畫每一年結束後將呈現具體研究成果及預期效益。 (2)本計畫執行與產出有助於提升我國在研究現代化與民主化之學術研究、協助國家發展與政策制定,以及更加瞭解臺灣經驗特色,以成為東亞發展之典範,並進而與西方理論對話。 (3)本計畫將聘用一位專任的研究人才,不僅可以提升我國在此研究領域的學術能量,也可培育相關的人才,以利其在計畫結束後至相關機構就業或繼續研究升學。 (4)本計畫產出將對於我國經濟發展、社會發展與民主鞏固之關係有更進一步的體認,並因應全球化以及區域整合趨勢,各國之間的互動將更加緊密,對於現代化與民主化之關係亦將更需從跨國跨時期之角度探討之。 (5)本計畫有助於建立相關研發能量、提升研發人員質∕量等,進而對相關資料庫之運用,及研究機構與組織有正面的影響。
This proposal aims to analyze the relationship between modernization and democratic consolidation in Taiwan as well as other economies in East Asia, and to extend the research involving local, regional and global perspectives, in order to further comprehend the impact of a nation’s economic and social development on its democracy under the modernization theory. That is, with the evidence-based findings, this proposal aims to solve puzzles existing in modernization and democracy under different political structures (i.e., liberal democracy, illiberal democracy, electoral authoritarianism, and one-party authoritarianism) to examine whether differences may exist in the economic, social and democratic developments under these different political structures and whether these structures may moderate a nation’s economic development and democracy. Over the past decades, what Taiwan has experienced economically, socially and democratically may not be fully explained by the western theories or perspectives. Hence, this proposal aims to analyze the focal research propositions based on Taiwan and further extend the research to other economies in order to study the relationship between modernization and democracy on a comparative basis. Hence, the findings and evidence from Taiwan experience can contribute to other East Asian economies. With the cross-sectional time series analysis on the focal economies, using multiple databases including the Asian Barometer Survey, Taiwan Social Change Survey, etc., the findings should not only contribute to our understanding of Taiwan economic, social and democratic developments, but also apply to other economies in East Asia to further establish dialogues between the East and the West from the perspectives and the impacts of the modernization theory. Hence, the empirical findings should provide the academia and government with evidence as to how Taiwan experience can be positioned as a paradigm for other economies and how the findings can fill a gap in literature between western theories and eastern realities. Hence, this project proposes a 3-year timeframe to complete its respective research 2 agenda, starting from the first year with the main focus on Taiwan, followed by the study on other East Asian economies during the second year, and a comparative analysis among economies between East and West during the third year. The expected benefits of the present proposal include qualitative and quantitative evidence regarding modernization and democracy from theories and facts and proper staff training for this field of study
URI: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw/handle/77345300/32662
Other Identifiers: ntnulib_tp_H0209_04_003
Appears in Collections:教師著作

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