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Title: 學童的校園空間移動模式與身體活動量關係之初探
Other Titles: The Relationship of the Children's Movement Patterns and Physical Activity in School Campus
Authors: 曾慈慧
Tzu-Hui A. Tseng
Tsu-Jen Ding
Alex J. Y. Lee
Ming-Hsin Lu
Issue Date: Dec-2012
Publisher: 國立台灣師範大學健康促進與衛生教育學系
Department of Health Promotion and Health Education National Taiwan Normal University
Abstract: 過去很少研究探討學童如何使用校園空間及校園空間如何影響身體活動量?本研究選擇具有全球定位系統與心跳的運動手錶為測量儀器,並搭配問卷與紀錄表紀錄兒童的基本資料、受測下課時間活動紀錄表以及過去一週身體活動量。研究對象為新竹市某國小的10名學生,受測時間為固定某時段的下課十分鐘。測量儀器結果顯示,兒童在排球場停留的時間最長;問卷調查結果則顯示停留時間較長的則是籃球場。測量儀器顯示兒童偏好戶外空間,停留時間占總測驗時間的92%;另外,有單一目的地的兒童會花一半以上時間停留且呈現中度以上身體活動量。施測時間內,兒童有50%的時間呈現中度以上的身體活動情況,主要集中排球場。檢測放學後從事的休閒活動與身體活動量之關係,放學後從事觀察動植物的程度與低身體活動量時間呈現顯著正相關,從事球類則與中高身體活動的時間有顯著正相關,打羽毛球的程度則與高身體活動有顯著正相關。
Few studies discussed how children use the campus space and how the campus attributes influence their physical activities. In this study, we used Garmin Forerunner 405 GPS training and sports tracking watches accompanied with self reported questionnaire, which included respondent's demographic data, recess activity record and 7-day physical activity record. We collected the space and physical activity data, and examined which part of the campus was preferred by children to stay and engage moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Ten students from an elementary school in Hsinchu were selected to attend this survey, and the recording period was a certain 10-minurcs recess between their classes. The result measured by the sports tracking watches showed children's longest staying time was in the volleyball court but the questionnaire showed they spent most of their time in the basketball court. Children preferred being outdoor and occupied 92% of their overall testing time. In addition, children who have a sing le purpose would spend half of their time in that particular place and appeared MYPA. During the testing period, children showed 50% time of MYPA mainly in the volleyball court. When examine the relationship between after school leisure activities and physical activity, the frequency of observing plants and animals have positive relation to low physical activity staying time; the frequency of doing ball activities have positive relationship with MYPA, especially when playing badminton.
Other Identifiers: EFD915B8-31C8-A964-77C4-47793D1469CB
Appears in Collections:健康促進與衛生教育學報

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