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|Other Titles:||Study on the Relationships between Social Capital and Wellbeing among Junior High School Students in Tainan County|
Department of Health Promotion and Health Education National Taiwan Normal University
|Abstract:||本研究在探討國中生的社會資本與幸福感的現況，以及二者之關係。以台南縣公立學校國中 生為研究母群體，採叢集隨機抽樣方式，利用結構式問卷進行資料收集，共得有效問卷978份，回收率97.12%。所得資料以t檢定、多變量變異數分析、皮 爾森積差相關、階層複迴歸等方法進行分析。本研究重要結果如下： 一、女生在家庭內社會資本的手足互動、學校社會資本的同儕關係優於男生。 二、一年級學生的家庭內社會資本的家庭氣氛、親子關係、手足互動、家庭外社會資本的親友互動、社區參與、代間封閉、親師關係、學校社會資本的師生關係、社 團參與高於二、三年級學生。 三、雙親家庭的家庭內社會資本的家庭氣氛較單親家庭及隔代教養家庭為好。雙親家庭的家庭外社會資本的親友互動較隔代教養家庭好。 四、家庭氣氛愈好、親子關係愈好、同儕關係愈好、師生關係愈好、社團參與愈多者，其幸福感愈好。這些變項共可解釋幸福感變異量的32.0%。|
The purpose of this study was to investigate the social capital and wellbeing of junior high school students, and to further examine their relationships. The students at junior high school in Tainan County were the target population of this research, and the samples were selected by using clustered random sampling. The data collection was based on structural questionnaire method, and there were 978 valid samples, which presented a 97.12% of the response rate. Data were analyzed with t test, MANOVA, pearson product moment correlation and hierarchical multiple regression statistics. The main results of this research are summarized as follows: 一、Females, social capital, such as sibling interaction, peer relationship were higher than those male. 二、7th graders', social capital, such as family atmosphere, parent-child relationship, sibling interaction, relatives and friends interaction, community participation, intergenerational closure, parent-teacher relationship, teacher-student relationship, schoolclub participation were higher than those 8th and 9th graders'. 三、The family atmosphere of coupled parent family was better than single parent family and grandparent family. The relatives and friends interaction of coupled parent family was better than grandparent family. 四、Better family atmosphere, better parent-child relationship, better peer relationship, better teacher-student relationship, more schoolclub participation, more the wellbeing of junior high school students. These factors explained 32.0% of the variance of wellbeing.
|Appears in Collections:||健康促進與衛生教育學報|
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