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|Other Titles:||Health Conception, Perceived Health Status, Health Life Condition and Related Factors of Freshmen in the National Normal Universities|
Department of Health Promotion and Health Education National Taiwan Normal University
|Abstract:||本研究目的是在探討三所師範大學新生的社會人口學變項、健康概念、自覺健康狀態以及健 康生活狀況的關係，三所師範大學新生為研究的母群體，採取隨機集束抽樣方法，總共發出1250份問卷，有效問卷1161份，有效回收率為92.9%。資料 統計方法有單因子變異數分析、皮爾森積差相關和複迴歸分析。主要的發現如下：1.研究對象的健康概念部分，整體得分高於平均值，趨於正向概念，以調適性健 康概念的得分最高，其次是角色功能性健康概念，以臨床性健康概念最差。2.研究對象在自覺健康狀態部分，整體的得分高於平均值，屬於中上程度。3.研究對 象在健康生活狀況部分，其整體得分也是高於平均值，其健康生活狀況趨於好的狀況。4.研究對象的「同學或朋友的評價」與「成績的重視程度」在健康概念上有 顯著差異。5.研究對象的「學校別」、「性別」、「有無零用錢」、「同學或朋友的評價」以及「BMI值」在自覺健康狀態上有顯著性差異。6. 研究對象的「學校別」、「家庭社經地位」、「同學或朋友的評價」、「在校成績」以及「成績的重視程度」在健康生活狀況上有顯著性差異。7.研究對象之健康 概念、自覺健康狀態以及健康生活狀況之間呈顯著正相關。8.研究對象的健康生活狀況可由「家庭社經地位」、「同學與朋友的評價」、「在校的成績」、「角色 功能性健康概念」、「幸福安寧性健康概念」以及「自覺健康狀態」等變項做預測，共可解釋健康生活狀況總變異量的16.8%。|
The purpose of the study was explore the relations among demographic variables, perceived health status, health conception and health life condition of Freshmen in the three of National Normal Universities. A random clustered sample of 1161 freshmen was collected with a response rate of 92.9%. The data was analyzed by one way ANOVA, Pearson's product-moment correlation and multiple regression. The main findings of the study are as follows: 1. The score of health conception was rather high and positive. The score of adaptive health conception was highest. The score of clinical health conception was lowest. 2. The score of perceived health status was rather high and positive. 3. The score of health life condition was rather high and better. 4. The health conception of the subjects were significantly different from appraisal of classmates or friends, respect for academic performance. 5. The perceived health status of the subjects were significantly different from school, age, pocket money, appraisal of classmates or friends, and BMI. 6. The health life condition of the subjects were significantly different from school, social economic status, appraisal of classmates or friends, respect for academic performance. 7. The relations among health conception, perceived health status, and health life condition of Freshmen were positive correlated. 8. The health life condition of the subjects could be predicted by the variables of social economic status, appraisal of classmates or friends, academic performance and perceived health status and explained 16.8% of variance of health life condition.
|Appears in Collections:||健康促進與衛生教育學報|
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