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|Other Titles:||Criticisms on Kohlberg's Cognitive Moral Developmental Therory|
Department od Education, NTNU
Based on pluralism, this article has strong criticisms on Kohlberg's moral developmental theory. It denies that there are universal and objective stages of moral development. These stages are logical construct of Kohlberg's. There are quantitative and qualitative increases in later stages, however, the later stages are not necessarily more altruistic. These is ethocentricism in Kohlberg's theory because he takes the theory of rights and social contract theory of the Western as the highest stages (5 and 6). Kohlberg also values too much on the role of moral cognition which becomes an‘organic whole’ and then, moral stage. This assumption encounter difficulties in empirical empirical research which fails to verify. The sixth stage of the theory, the highest stage, also met suspension and revisions. The basic problem is that it is impossible to find the highest stage of moral development in pluralistic society. Kohlberg based his theory on“A theory of justice” of reasoning is not altruistic enough because they presupposed that the individual is a“rationally egoistic bargaining player”. The more altruistic stage cannot be fitted into Kohlberg's stages, it can only be allocated into a“soft” seventh stage. On the study of‘just community’ which leads to an absurd conclusion because he only depends on the totalitarian groups more than democratic ones. The inconsistencies in theory have raised many difficulties in empirical verification, and also the defects in empirical research make the theory vulnerable. On the whole, Kohlberg constructs his theory solely on Kantian ethics which is only one of moral theories. But the problem is that he wants to build up a comprehensive one. Therefore, it is vary difficult to defend his theory.
|Appears in Collections:||教育研究所集刊|
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