Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Other Titles:||The Conceptions of Evaluation in Curriculum|
Department od Education, NTNU
Curriculum planning is a matter of making choices, this does not imply that one choice is as good as another. Value judgments determine the appropriateness of each choice made, and curriculum evaluation is the proves used in judging the appropriateness of curriculum choices. Like any analytic term, evaluation can be defined in many essentially arbitrary ways. Three particular definitions that have gained common acceptance have certain advantages and disadvantages：the measurement definition, the congruence definition and the judgment definition. Not until recently, the terms evaluation has been considered as proves for providing qualitative and╱or quantitative data useful to decision makers. This process can be applied to many different fields, such as school administrations, curriculum, etc. In the field of curriculum, a useful distinction is made between formative and summative evaluation. Formative evaluation is undertaking to provide improve an existing program；summative evaluation is done to assess the effect of a completed program. New and important development in the field of evaluation are described in the first part of this paper, the definition of evaluation in the second part, and the functions of curriculum evaluation in the third part. Some confusing concepts are discussed in the paper, too. Aikin, W. The story of the Eight─Year Study. N.Y.：Harper, 1942. Anderson, S.B. et al. Encyclopedia of educational evaluation. San Francisco：Jossey─Bass, 1973. Cronbach, L. J. Course improvement through evaluation. Teachers College Record, 1963, 64, 672─83. Cronbach, L.J., et al. Toward reform of program evaluation. San Francisco：Jossey─Bass, 1980, 14. Davis, E. Teachers as curriculum evaluators. Sydney：George Allen & Unwin, 1980, 14─-5. Ebel, R. L. Measuring educational achievement. N.J.：Prentice─Hall, 1965, 450. Eisner, E.W. The educational imagination. N.Y.：Macmillan, 1979, 130. Glass, G.V. Two generations of evaluation models. In Taylor & Cowley（1972）, 103-9. Gron
|Appears in Collections:||教育研究所集刊|
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.