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|Other Titles:||An Analysis of Decision Theory in Educational Administration|
Department od Education, NTNU
This article is to present a theoretical analysis of the making of decisions. For this purpose, the following five subtopics is analyzed. The nature of decision making is firstly explored. Decision making may be defined us the process of making the better choice among the all alternatives for future actions. It is the central Function of educational administration, and the main task of educational administrators. Secondly, decision making is categorized. It may be classified into two general categories：that is, policy making and non─policy making, and the latter may further be decided into implemental decision making and operating decision making. Policy making deals with policy issues and its effect is lasting. It is the responsibility of administrators in the upper level of the organizational hierarchy, policy decision is the task of administrators in the middle and lower levels of the organizational hierarehy, and it is related to the transaction and implementation of decisions. Thirdly, the rationality of decision is followingly described. The term“rationality” is relative, and not absolute. There is no absolutely rational decision, and we well not have any absolutely rational decisions. Any decision had, its limitations. Its rationality is mainly limited by human's knowledge, unconsciousness, value concept, environmental forces, and anticipation for the unknown consequences. This is the very fact with no dispute. Fourthly, tri─dimensional analysis of making decision if presented. Situation process and person constitutes the whole picture of decision making. Wise adaptation to the situation, adequate process, and the decision maker with flexibility, insight and comprehensiveness, are the fundamentals of rational decisions. Finally, the development of policy is analyzed. For making relevant and adequate decisions, administrators are recommended to take some major strategies such as optimality, disjointed incrementalism, reducing risks, consulting with experts, an
|Appears in Collections:||教育研究所集刊|
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