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|Other Titles:||Teacher Expectations and Student --Teacher Interactions: Observation of Classroom in Elementary School|
Department od Education, NTNU
The study aims （1）to examine whether the teacher behave in different ways towards various students（2）explore the various students’ attitude toward the teacher and interaction patterns between students. The participants of this study was one teacher and her 63 studnets in the first year of elementary school in P8ng─Tung. Data were collected by means of fourth weekly three hours observations during the second semester of school year in 1985. The main approach of this study was the use of ethnographic techniques. It’s process was divided into a series of steps：entry and establishment of researcher role；data collection；and analysis of data. The main findings of the study were as follows：A. Teacher’s attitudes and perceptions toward students: 1. Arrangement of seat：The arrangement of seats in classroom is by the height of students at beginning of school year, and gradually. The teacher assign the low─expectation students seats beside high─expectation students. Because the highs will monitor the lows. On the other hand, could achieve class control in this way. 2. Students floor：When teacher offers an opportunity for a competitive or collective response, the winners of such collective or competitive opportunities were rarely lows. But in the examinatorial response, the lows get more opportunities to response. 3. Distribution of rewards：Because of high achievement and docile behavior, high expectation students get more praise and less punishment from teacher. The teacher criticizes lows more frequently fro incorrect responses and praising lows less frequently for successful performance when the lows and highs break the rule simultaneously, the lows get more punishments. 4. The level of teacher’s expectation：The teacher underestimate lows’ learning ability and paying more attention to high’s need in teaching process. 5. Giving the porver：The teacher believes that high─expected student have better ability to do things. Some of them take charge of affairs of classroom. 6. Teac
|Appears in Collections:||教育研究所集刊|
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