Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw:80/handle/77345300/25247
Title: 電視影響兒童社會學習之研究
Other Titles: The Impact of Television on the Social learning of Children
Authors: 郭為藩
Issue Date: Jun-1981
Publisher: 國立台灣師範大學教育學系
Department od Education, NTNU
Abstract: 現代兒童係在電視文化的環境中成長!這是研究兒童發展與教育心理的學者不容忽視的事實。在電視事業較為發達而發展較早的歐美社會,兒童自三歲起每天平均要看二至三小時的電視,有相當多的現代兒童到他結束義務教育的年齡,消磨在電視機前的時間超過在學校課室裡上課時總時數,在這種情形下,怎能說電視兒童的心理發展沒有影響呢?以我們而言,自民國五十一年開始有電視的播映以來,已有二十年的歷史,目前台灣地區幾乎家家戶戶都有電視機,彩色電視機尤居多數,兒童自一歲半開始對電視發生興趣,特別對電視廣告與一些經常重覆播出的電視主題曲注意,到三歲時已能約略看兒童電視節目的內容,漸成為電視迷,每日大概要看一至兩小時的電視,一直到國中二、三年級時由於課業的壓力才漸與電視疏遠,然而電視對這一代我國兒童的影響也是無可置疑的。這種影響可以分為兩方面,其一在認知發展方面(註一),另一則在人格發展特別是社會學習方面。電視影響於兒童發展,功過難斷,無論如何,電視已成為大眾傳播媒體中最具有滲透力的利器,侵入每一家庭,無論男女老幼,皆對它寵愛而離不開它,特別是沒有閱讀能力或沒有閱讀習慣的人,對它依賴尤深,學前兒童與小學低年級兒童就是其中一類。電視的影響亦非只在消磨時間,減少正常學習的機會─例如由於耽溺電視而減少用餐時與晚飯後親子觀敘天倫的情意溝通,學童因看電視而延誤寫作業或功課的溫習,兒童因留在家裡看電視而減少在外活動及跟鄰居小朋友的嬉戲接觸...等等,電視之影響於兒童發展,還在於其節目內容。正基於此,電視影響的研究特別重要。
The purpose of this experimental study was to investigate the impact of television on children's socialization ─ sex role perception, identification, and prosocial behavior learning. Seven TV cartoon films which had been shown in Taiwan were selected for the experimental treatment. However, the control group Ss did not view them. One hundred kindergarten children were divided and matched into four groups, i.e. 2(viewing the selected cartoon films or not)*2 (male or female)groups. Chi square test was used for statistic analysis. At the beginning of this study, the viewing patterns of kindergarten children were surveyed. It revealed that:(1)The average length of TV watching was 1─2 hours everyday for half of the children, and more than 2 hours for 10 percent of the children.(2)Most of the children watched other kinds of shows as the cartoon shows.(3)Most children watched TV without the company of their family, and their parents didn't select the appropriate programs for them. Before experimental period, the seven cartoon films were analyzed by content analysis method. I t revealed that most of the programs were not educationally valuable. In terms of social behavior, the deviant social models occurred with higher frequency than the prosocial models in most of the films. The aggressive behaviors occurred with the highest frequency among all deviant models. In terms of sex role, the frequency of male characters showed in TV films was more than that of female. Female characters were presented as submissive, while male characters were described as dominant and aggressive. The experimental results were as follows: 1. Sex role (1)TV─viewing had some effects on children in their perception of the sex of cartoon characters. (2)TV─viewing provided the determinant factors of perceiving the cartoon character's sex role. The experimental group Ss had the tendency to recognize the sex of cartoon characters from their behavioral traits, voices and actions. However, the control grou
URI: http://rportal.lib.ntnu.edu.tw//handle/77345300/25247
Other Identifiers: 322990C8-700D-B516-00AA-7BA288F00102
Appears in Collections:教育研究所集刊

Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.


Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.