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Title: 東周的教育及學術思想
Other Titles: Educational and Intellectual Thoughts of Chou Dynasty (con)
Authors: 賈馥茗
Issue Date: Jun-1994
Publisher: 國立台灣師範大學教育學系
Department od Education, NTNU
Abstract: 東周也就是所謂的春秋戰國時期,是史學史公認的學術思想蓬勃發展的時代,因為歷經二千多年的朝代更替、文化散失以後,仍然有許多典籍保存下來。這些典籍據傳出自於某些思想家,或者是本人的著述,或者是門人的彙輯,也有些則疑似偽託。無論如何,這些可先的典籍仍然足以印證當時曾經有這些人,有這些著述。前文也曾經指出,經過夏商周三代的演進和文化的孕育,尤其周朝建國以後,制度日趨完備,出現若干有思想有見解的人,有了著述,並不是不可能。至於他們的思想和見解,為當時所接受的情形如何,應該是另一方面的探討;而其思想見解之可以見諸於實際的,是否曾經得到採納實行,則更是另一方面的問題。至少這些思想和見解,表現了當時的文化水準,影響到後世,應該是無可否認的。東周學術思想中,除了儒家直接和教育有關以外,還有若干家都對教育有相當影響,因為在根本上,教育就是孕育和培養思想的歷程,不過卻不能武斷的說,教育只孕育’教育思想”,猶如不能錯誤的期望教育只培養”一種人才”一樣。歷史中常常說東周時期”百家爭鳴”,也有’九流十家”(1)之說。這只是形容其時思想家出現的眾多而言。根據現在傳流下來的著述看有若干家在學術上確是有其應得的地位。現在習稱的”道家”,出現在東周的,便有極為著稱的老子和莊子。這兩個名稱都有書可見。雖然書的內容有文字上的若干差別(2)也有部分附會或偽託之疑,其思想和見解仍不失學術價值,試先就老子來加以申述。
The name of lao Tzu has two meanings:one is the name of an ancient philosopher whose name was said to be Li Erh;another is the title of a classics written by Li Erh. The classics, Lao Tzu is also entitled Tao-The-Ching. Lao Tau——The Philosopher In the Historical Records(Shih Chi)there is a biography of Lao Tzu. It says that Lao Tzu lived approximately from 561 to 467BC. He was an emperial librarian of Chou. Confucius once visited him and asked questions of Li. As Fuedal Princes fought with each other, the power of Chou emperor declined and the nation was in a chaos, Lao Tzu resigned and tried to escape from the world. He went to the west to the border of Han-Ku-Kuan where the officer asked him to write something for him, so he wrote about five thousand words of Tao and The then left.
Other Identifiers: 2899AFAA-4D25-DAF3-F9C2-108B0D0C0274
Appears in Collections:教育研究所集刊

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