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Department of Chinese, NTNU
This paper analyzes how the writer of The Strange Stories of the Chamber of Liao, P'u sung-ling, narrates the story of "The Swordswoman" (俠女)by its characters and its structure. It also discusses the richness and complexity of the cultural background of the story. By comparisons with a group of prototypal stories, we find that the writer here eliminates the bloody confilcts in the swordswoman's stories of "revenge for her father, but kill her own son."Instead, there are conflicts between chastity and chivalry, filial-pity and deserting her own son. Also, there are conflicts between her outward and inward world, her beautiful but cold appearance and, her traditional but rebelious behavior as a woman. There is a parallel structure of the swordswoman's hidden determination of revenge for her father, and her gratitude to the male character by bearing him a son for his kind help to her mother. The accumulations of conflicts and enigmas are resolved and explained when she finally succeeds in her revenge. This paper then proceeds to the discussions of the tradition of swordswoman and the "swordsfairies（劍仙）. Finally, a review of the strong requirement of "revenge for the killed father" in our classics, history and literature,shows the traditional partriarchal pressure. And bearing a son for the neighbor's help to her mother, is a new way in life accomplished by this feminist swordswoman in P'u Sungling's story. Cultural ideologies do affect human life, but a good writer can show us a new way of life.
|Appears in Collections:||中國學術年刊|
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