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|Other Titles:||Wang Bi’s Thoughts of Zhouyi on the Interpretation and Transformation of “Heaven”|
Department of Chinese, NTNU
There are four kinds of understandings on the concept of “heaven” in the fields of Eastern and Western philosophy. They are summarized as follows: (1) personality of heaven, (2) nature of heaven, (3) morality of heaven, and (4) metaphysical heaven. Wang Bi had many interpretations on the heaven texts in Zhouyi. This paper uses the perspectives of personality of heaven, nature of heaven, morality of heaven, and metaphysical heaven to observe how Wang Bi interpreted and transformed the thoughts. Yi Jing is a book used to practice divination, with its primary divination subject as “heaven” which has the power to control the spiritual view of universe. Wang Bi had comprehensive interpretations of Yi Jing and completely transformed spiritual view of “heaven” into “metaphysical heaven” or “spiritual view”. “Metaphysical heaven” and “spiritual view” are clear dividers between Pre-Qin Daoism and Confucianism. “Metaphysical heaven” is the core of thoughts for Pre-Qin Daoism, known as “Tao”. “Spiritual view” is the concept advocated by Pre-Qin Confucianism. Hence, Wang Bi interpreted Yi Jing via Taoism and Confucianism to establish his own metaphysical thoughts.
|Appears in Collections:||中國學術年刊|
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