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Department of Chinese, NTNU
The ethology and Method of Chang Zai and Chu Xi are based on the theory of Cosmology. Their theory of Cosmology is very much affected by Yi. The only difference lies in the interpretation of the efficient cause, which has totally changed the inner form of reason. From the functions of the efficient cause, Chang Zai established the metaphysical ground for Taixu and Chi, therefore, the true essence and functions of the Taixu and Chi. are divided into two: the metaphysical ground and the physical ground. To improve the presentation of the practical side of the Taixu and Chi, one must go back to his conscience. The key point is to grasp the essence of Taixu. Chu Xi and Chang Zai have the same interpretation on how Cosmology reflects the true essence of human being. That determines the form of conscience. However, he could reflect the activity of efficient cause, Therefore, Chu Xi described things that belonged to the activity ground as Chi. Thus, the mind and feelings are all Chi, moreover, the main body of Method should become autonomous. Finally, the true essence to bring the truth faded away and in turn, it makes the understanding and action on Reason diverged. Moreover, the latter caused conflicts in Chang Zai and Chu Xi's interpretations on the equity of mind and conscience.
|Appears in Collections:||中國學術年刊|
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