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Department of Chinese, NTNU
Tung Chung-shu (董仲舒) had perfectly combined the theory of Yin-Yang (陰陽) succeeding to Tsou Yen (鄒衍) with Confucianim.He integrated the theory of Yin-Yang from Tsou Yen's school with with the Philosophy fo Destiny from “The Book of History” and “The Works of Mencius”, from which he constructed the theory of Unity of Nature and Human Beings, stating that disaters would be connected with human behaviors. In those theories, there were multiple meanings of Nature, Nature and human beings had complemented each other. The Law of Nature would be closely related the virtue of the conquers and the way of governing a nation. However, these were achieved by somewhat of “reference effect” from Chi (氣), which was similar to the resonance principle in physics. Based on Kung Yang Chi's School (公羊齊學) which advocated the relationship between natural disasters and human beings, Tung Chung-shu accommodated such theory to the powerful thougth of his age, and absorbed the achievements from essence of Yin-Yang School. In this way, he had successfully accomplished the Confucian ideal of sagely within and kingly without by Hsun Tzu (筍子) and his following disciples.
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