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Department of Chinese, NTNU
《Chuang Tzu．Tien-Hsia》(《莊子．天下》) concluded the thinking of Lao Tzu as follows: "It is to be established on eternal existence and nonexistence, headed by extremely unification. Its appearance becomes weak and humble, yet its essence is based on All Creature of empty and undamaged quality. "The first sentence would most likely linked up with the thinking of Lao-Tzu on Universal Origin. However, scholars held various opinions on this. Some of them argued about its punctuation, and some explained from different points of connotations and analysis. If one can delineate the theme in the first chapter of 《Lao Tzu》, he will be able to understand completely the meaning of 《Chuang Tzu》. Mr. Liang Chi-chao (梁啟超) was the first man who asserted the dualism between "eternal existence" and "eternal nonexistence". Mr. Hsu Kang-sheng (許抗生) further explained that "both of 'the eternal existence and nonexistence' as well as 'the extremely unification' are referre9 to the Taoism." On the othe rhand, as Mr. Chiang His-chang (蔣錫昌) pointed out, "It would be too obscure to understand the true meaning of Lao Tzu word for word. "Obviously, Lao-Tzu elaborated 'existence' and 'nonexistence' both from 'Taoism' but in different words. His thinking on the universe should be concentrated on the relationship between 'existence' and 'nonexistence'. Therefore, it would be necessary to discuss the meaning of 'Taoism'.
|Appears in Collections:||中國學術年刊|
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