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|Other Titles:||Brief Measures of Sensation Seeking: Scale Development and Validation|
Department of Health Promotion and Health Education National Taiwan Normal University
Objectives: The study examines the cross-national replicability of the underlying structure of the Sensation Seeking Scale Form V (SSS-V) to develop a brief form of SS-V (BSSS-V) based on the empirical results of cross-national comparisons, and to investigate the reliability and validity of the BSSS-V Methods: A total of 374 college students completed a self-report questionnaire consisting of 40 SSS-V items. The sample was subsequently divided randomly in to 2 subsamples. The factor structures for half of the data were examined using exploratory factor analysis (EFA). The EFA result and the results obtained from samples in other nations were used to construct a new SSS form with 8 items. The factor structures of the BSSS-V for the remaining half of the data were examined using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA). Results: The EFA result Supports the existence of the 4 dimensions identified by Zuckerman, and the percentage of total variance accounted for was higher than those reported in other studies (43.47%). However, similar to the findings of previous research, there were items that did not load significantly on the expected factors, loaded on the wrong factors, or cross-loaded on more than one factor. The BSSS-V factor loadings ranged from .45 to .93, and the composite reliability indicators of its 4 subscales were .75, .60, .60, .57 with respective AVEs of .61, .43, .45 .40, indicating good scale reliability and validity. A shorted 8-item SSS-V scale based on the result of the cross-national comparison was tested with satisfactory results for all fit indices, with their corresponding recommended values, providing evidence for a good model fit between the proposed model and the obtained empirical data. Conclusions: In light of limitations with the SSS-V, the modified, shortened version of SSS-V may provide a more appropriate measure of sensation-seeking, especially when the goal is to minimize the number of indicators in large-scale surveys.
|Appears in Collections:||健康促進與衛生教育學報|
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