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|Other Titles:||A Research of River Engineering Plans and Hydraulic Engineers from the Ch'ing Dynasty: Focus of the Theories and Technology of Hydraulic Engineering of Chin-fu's (1633~1692)|
Department of Geography, NTNU
Floods have been the sorrow of China for thousands of years. The history of water control shows that although the Chinese have never been able to completely eliminate inundations, the incessant labor of hydraulic engineers through the ages has slowly provided a vast experience. The hydraulic engineers of the Ch‘ing dynasty summed up the experiences of those before them, and theory and technology made significant progress. During the reigns of Emperors K‘ang-hsi (1662-1722), Yung-cheng (1723-1735) and Ch‘ien-lung (1736-1795), the hydraulic engineers combined the construction of dykes with dredging of silt. The threat of inundation was thus reduced, and the epoch became one of the very few periods of water stabilization in Chinese history. The hydraulic engineering plans and related archival materials prove the high level of Ch‘ing water conservancy and the engineers’ proficiency in drawing maps and plans. The different kinds of utensils and documents related to water control, demonstrating the early Ch‘ing administration‘s diligence in addressing issues of water conservancy. Facing the threat of water catastrophes, emperors and officials cooperated in a self-effacing manner, and the emperors in particular were paying full attention to the theories and technology of the hydraulic engineers. This was a pivotal period when the question of inundation was temporarily resolved.
|Appears in Collections:||地理研究|
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