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|Other Titles:||Philosophy of Education in Traditional and Modern Cultures: Classical Humanism vs. J. Dewey|
Department od Education, NTNU
Education being an integral part of a culture, its aims and functions are unavoidably affected by various elements of the culture. Then, the educational ideals that guide the educational practices of a society will necessarily contribute to the future development of the culture. This relationship of mutual influence between a philosophy of education and a culture can be easily found in both traditional and modern societies. Traditional cultures are characterized by humanistic ideals and an ethical spirit, whereas modern cultures are characterized by the rapid development of science and technology within a capitalistic economy and democratic political system, and above all by a strong commitment to human liberty and equality. This disparity between traditional and modern cultures has long been discussed by scholars in the fields of the humanities and especially philosophy of education. The present paper proposes to take Chinese Confucianism and classical Western humanism as the representatives of the traditional culture, and the Dewey's philosophy of education as the representative of modern culture. Through a general analysis of their different views on education we may understand more clearly, and within a broader cultural context, the reasons for the ongoing confrontations between humanistic and scientific-technological attitudes.
|Appears in Collections:||教育研究集刊|
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