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|Other Titles:||The History of Education in Lukang Township before 1895|
Department od Education, NTNU
Lukang Township is located in Chang-hwa County. It is believed that Lukang Township is one of the oldest townships reclaimed by Han Chinese in Taiwan. This paper describes the development of education in Lukang Townships before 1895, the year Taiwan was ceded to Japan. Aboriginals are believed to have been taught by Spanish and Dutch missionaries from 1624 to 1661, before Ming-Cheng expelled the Dutch troops. However, it has not been confirmed because there is not sufficient historical evidence. The earliest formal schools reported in an official document is“Tu-chu Hse-hseuh” (Aboriginal local school) established over the period of 1730's-1790's. At least, six“Yi-hseuh” (Free private schools) were run over the period of 1790's-1880's. These two kinds of schools offered elementary level instruction. Another kind of private school was named“Hse-hseuh” as well. It is a academic gathering place for learned men, but not for children. There were also at least two“Hse-hseuh” in Lukang Township. The historical materials for “Hsu-fang” (Private school) and“Wen-kai Hsu-yuan” (Wen-kai Institute) are more plentiful than the aforementioned schools. At least thirty to forty“Hsu-fang” were established.“Hsu-fang” were mostly single-room schools run by one teacher. The“Wen-kai Hsu-yuan” was established in 1824. It functioned as an officially academic meeting place. This paper describes in detail the proposal, construction, scale, study code, and management of“Wen-kai Hsu-yuan.” During the Ching dynasty, many Lukangites passed the official examinations. More than one hundred Lukangites passed the local level examinations, eighteen provincial, and seven national. This impressive record proves that Lukang Township had an honorable educational history.
|Appears in Collections:||教育研究集刊|
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